Competitiveness Governance of Ukraine’s Higher Education (Methodology of Analysis and Monitoring System)
The thesis offers the integration of economic and managerial theories into the
study on the problem of boosting higher education system (HES) competitiveness in
Ukraine. The evolution and institutional models of HES development as well as the
factors of its transformation under the conditions of global competition for intellectual
resources are covered. The conceptual model of institutional analysis in the governance
of HES competitiveness is offered, that is based on the interests of stakeholders, the
potential and results of the activity of higher education providers, the criteria of quality,
social responsibility and economic efficiency.
The thesis presents the author’s definition HES as a system of informal (customs,
values, ways of thinking, behavior, etc.) and formal institutions (laws, standards,
educational providers, stakeholders, etc.) that provide understanding the determining
role of knowledge in self-improvement, accumulation further knowledge, transfer as
well as generation new knowledge for the realization of the goals of individual and
social development. It is substantiated that quality, economic efficiency and social
responsibility are the essential features that also serve as criteria of analysis at all levels
of HES competitiveness governance. 41
Methodological frameworks of the analysis of quality, social responsibility and
economic efficiency in the governance of HES competitiveness on national, regional and
institutional levels are developed. The global goal of HES competitiveness governance
is to increase the value of its products for each person, society, business, and any other
consumer. The interests of stakeholders, as well as the potential and real results of
activity of higher education providers are the basic objects for analysing HES
competitiveness by the criteria of quality, social responsibility and economic efficiency.
Depending on the level of governance (Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), region,
state) and the priorities of stakeholders, it is possible to build various types of applied
models for analysis and monitoring in the governance of HES competitiveness with a
corresponding set of indicators.
Taking into account the international experience, the economic justification for
the effectiveness of the introduction of graduates’ employment monitoring in Ukraine is
carried out. The multi-factorial model of tuition fees at universities of Ukraine is offered,
that ensures an increase in the efficiency of price policy of Ukrainian HEIs.
The essence and main directions of HES internationalization, the special role of
long-term internationalization programs are defined, the methodological toolkit for
monitoring HES internationalization in competitiveness governance is offered, the
strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats to the Ukrainian HES in the
condition of increasing international academic mobility are revealed.
The main components of the mechanism of the state order for the training in
Ukrainian HEIs and the directions of its improvement are determined, that are based on
quantitative and qualitative methods of forecasting the demand for graduates with
tertiary education in the market sector of the national economy, as well as on the
demographic forecasts of the potential demand for higher education among secondary
The methodology of the national system for monitoring the competitiveness of
Ukraine’s HES by the criterions of quality, social responsibility and economic efficiency
as well as the mechanism for its implementation are suggested. The strategic priorities of
boosting the competitiveness of Ukraine’s HES are substantiated, taking into account the
processes of its integration into the global space of HE, global, regional and national
long-term programs of social development as well as the definition of an appropriate
system of target indicators.
Key words: higher education system, state order, competitiveness governance,
globalization, quality, social responsibility, economic efficiency, analysis, stakeholders,
forecasting, monitoring, strategic priorities.