Osyp Nazaruk’s Opinion Journalism of the Interwar Period: Ideological and Conceptual Foundations and Agenda,
This dissertation aspires to offer a comprehensive exploration of Osyp Nazaruk’s
opinion writings dating to the interwar period (1919 – 1939) as published
in separate brochures and in the West Ukrainian and emigration periodicals
(altogether 411 articles introduced into academic circulation), for the first time
ever. The author seeks to provide insights into peculiarities of the ideological and
conceptual foundations and semantic dominants of Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion
journalism legacy and its functioning in the communicative discourse of the epoch.
The author proceeds to outline the polemical dimension, stylistic features, and the
narration of Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion writings, as well as to substantiate their
relevant ideological potential.
Section One, Historiography and Source Base of Research, contains an
overview of the historiography of the study of Osyp Nazaruk’s journalistic, edi-
torial, and public and political activities. The social communication dimension of
the study makes it possible to trace the mutual discursive predicament between
journalism, on the one hand, and national identity, culture, political processes, etc.,
on the other hand. Further described is the source base of research. The genre
features of Osyp Nazaruk’s journalistic output are identified, and a case is made for
the journalistic nature of his memoirs and travel essays, which display attributes of
the author’s a peculiar journalistic genre (supergenre). In Section Two, The Ideological and Conceptual Foundations of Osyp
Nazaruk’s Journalistic Work, the peculiarities of Osyp Nazaruk’s ethos as a
category defining both the logos and the pathos of his works are outlined. It is
further demonstrated that Christianity and traditionalism constitute the main
ideological paradigms, through which he interpreted the fundamental principles of
being and the ideas. The diffusion of the above paradigms manifested itself in
Osyp Nazaruk’s theocentrism and through the system of his political orientations
(namely, conservative Christian nationalism).
Osyp Nazaruk’s views on the problems of nation-building are expounded.
The Section also describes the core paradigm of Osyp Nazaruk’s journalistic
thinking and provides evidence of its Ukrainian-centric nature. Ukraine as an
independent communal state provides a fundamental ideological framework of the
writer’s journalistic output, which is developed at the level of a macroidea and
Osyp Nazaruk’s arguments covering the problems of the press and
propaganda are systematized. An in-depth analysis of the columnist’s views on the
mission of the Catholic press as a mouthpiece of the Christian worldview is
provided. The key linguistic communicative attributes of Osyp Nazaruk’s writing
style as a columnist are also determined.
Section Three, Socio-political Dominants of Osyp Nazaruk’s Journalism,
highlights the problem-thematic framework of the writer’s creative legacy. It is
argued that a socio-political aspect is predominant in the broad semantic spectrum
of Osyp Nazaruk’s journalism. The author further explores the peculiarities of the
interpretation of the East – West divide in Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion journalism. The
concept of regional identities is articulated, while the specific character of the
correlation between regionalism and nationalism is explained.
In Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion journalism output, the trope of Galicia is singled
out. The peculiarities of objectification of this trope are determined on the
following semantic levels: 1) the concept of “homeland”; 2) the mythoideologeme
of “Ukrainian Prussia” (within the context of the idea of unity). In addition, other
semantic fields are located, which define Galicia as a certain semantic structure of
Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion journalism.
The Section also focuses on Osyp Nazaruk’s views on society as a dynamic
structure, as well as elaborates on his ideas relating to social consolidation. It also
contains an analysis of feminist agenda in Nazaruk’s opinion journalism. Аn edu-
cational discourse in Osyp Nazaruk’s opinion journalism is explained, both as a
system of his views on the education of youth and as a pragmatic interpretation of
the purpose of the press, literature, and art. А conclusion is made that education
also serves as a communicative strategy of Nazaruk as an opinion journalist.
Keywords: Osyp Nazaruk, opinion journalism, interwar period, press,
propaganda, Galicia, Christianity, traditionalism, national/regional identity, state-
hood, unity, feminism, education.